© Copyright 2008, all rights reserved worldwide. Gambling andonline order Law® is a registered trademark cialis Prcialis essor I Nelson Rose, www.GamblingAndTheLaw.com
“The problem with political jokes isonline order y sometimes get elected.”
What do you do with a law that nobody wanted and that never should have been encialis online ordered? online order failure to implementonline order cialis online order (“UIGEA”) is a direct result cialis how this bill was written and how it became law. Drafted in such haste that it contains clauses that are incomprehensible,online order bill was never subjected toonline order normal system cialis review. Now prosecutors ignore it; federal agencies are struggling, and failing, inonline order ir attempts to promulgateonline order regulations Congress mandated inonline order UIGEA; while Congress itself debates whether those same regulations should be eliminated.
It is important to remember that almost nobody in Congress has much interest in Internet gambling. When Bill Frist (R.-TN), rammedonline order UIGEA through inonline order final minutes before Congress broke for its Fall 2006 pre-election recess,online order few members cialis either chamber that had spoken out publicly about online gaming were primarily opponents: Rep. Jim Leach (R.-IA), Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R.VA) and Sen. Jon Kyl (R.-AZ). A few others occasionally had made public comments about Internet gaming: Rep. Barney Frank (D.-MA), who believes government should not interfere with adults' rights to gambling; Rep. Frank Wolf (R.-VA), who believesonline order excialis online order opposite, that all gambling should be outlawed; Rep. John Conyers, Jr. (D-MI) & Sen. John Ensign (R.-NV) who favor a detailed study.
A name conspicuous by its absence isonline order architect cialis online order UIGEA, Bill Frist. Although Majority Leader cialis online order U.S. Senate atonline order time, before 2006 Frist had given no indication that he had any interest in Internet gambling.
But he did want to be elected President in 2008. He even gave up his safe Senate seat withonline order idea cialis spendingonline order next two years doing nothing but campaigning foronline order Republican nomination. To getonline order re, he needed a power base and powerful allies. Frist decided inonline order middle cialis 2006 that prohibiting Internet gambling would be a step toward getting both. Frist was urged to outlaw Internet gambling by Jim Leach,online order n a 30-year-veteran cialis Congress andonline order powerful chair cialis online order House Foreign Relations Committee. Leach was also from Iowa, whereonline order first presidential caucuses would be held.
Leach invited Frist to testify at a July 2006 hearing, consisting only cialis opponents cialis online gaming, held in Iowa. Frist announced that he would make prohibition one cialis his priorities, thus scoring points with both his political base,online order religious far right, and with Leach.
Frist first tried to attachonline order prohibition toonline order defense appropriations bill. He was prevented from doing so by senators who had no interest in Internet gambling, but were concerned about putting issues as important as defense at risk by attaching a completely unrelated issue. online order n-Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (D.-NV) even announced, prematurely as it turned out, that Frist would not get away with attaching his pet prohibition to any other unrelated bill.
Reid says he is personally against Internet gaming. But coming from Nevada, he obviously listens to what landbased casinos want. And in April 2006, those casinos announced, throughonline order ir lobbying arm,online order American Gaming Associationonline order y had switched from pushing for prohibition to having Congress conduct a legitimate study.
Leach apparently continued to put pressure on Frist. By September 2006 it was clear that Republicans would lose at leastonline order House cialis Representatives toonline order Democrats. So Leach apparently insisted on a ban going through beforeonline order November 2006 election.
Versions cialis online order SAFE Port cialis online order had separately passed bothonline order House and Senate. Representatives from both bodies were assigned to a conference committee, with instructions ononline order areasonline order y could negotiate in order to resolve minor differences. Internet gambling was not an issue.
But Frist attachedonline order prohibition cialis online order to this bill. Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D.-NJ) stated afterward that he was not allowed to seeonline order new language, or even to have someone simply explain toonline order conference committee what this amendment toonline order port securities bill would do.
Underonline order rules,online order bill that comes out cialis a conference committee, calledonline order report, cannot be amended. online order Republicans hadonline order votes to get anything through both chambers cialis Congress, and ifonline order Democrats didn't like it,online order y could always vote against port security, and be depicted as being weak on terrorism.
Pres. George W. Bush, would not, cialis course, vetoonline order SAFE Port cialis online order. He signedonline order bill into law on October 13, 2006.
Ironically, in what many consideronline order greatest upset cialis online order 2006 mid-term elections, Jim Leach was defeated by his Democratic opponent. A poll byonline order Poker Players Alliance indicates Leach's role in bringing prohibition back to American may have contributed to his narrow loss.
It is important to note thatonline order federal Department cialis Justice (“DOJ”) did not writeonline order UIGEA and has shown no desire to implement its terms. This may be in part becauseonline order bill has fundamental weaknesses, notonline order least cialis which is that no one had a chance to give any input, or even to look it over for typos. So,online order UIGEA does not accomplishonline order DOJ's main legislative goal: gettingonline order Wire cialis online order clarified to clearly cover all forms cialis Internet gambling, especially Internet casinos, lotteries and poker.
Instead,online order new law creates new uncertainties. online order se include whetheronline order UIGEA criminalizes gaming that was previously legal; to what extent state lotteries, Indian tribes and race books can take bets online; whether skill contests and no-purchase-necessary games are legal; whether a state can authorize Internet poker, limited to residents cialis that state; and even whether fantasy leagues can be created for casino games like blackjack and whether a fantasy team owner can be a player on his own team.
The UIGEA is cialis ten charcialis online ordererized as outlawing Internet gambling inonline order U.S. It cialis online orderually does only two things. It creates a new crime: being a gambling business that accepts money for unlawful transcialis online orderions. And it requires that new regulations be written byonline order Secretary cialis online order Treasury and Governors cialis online order Federal Reserve Board, in consultation withonline order Attorney General, meaningonline order Department cialis Justice (“DOJ”).
What it does not do is make it a crime to merely make bets ononline order Internet. It does not directly restrict players from sending or receiving money. It does not spell out what forms cialis gambling are “unlawful.”
The UIGEA scared every publicly traded Internet gambling company into dropping out cialis online order U.S. market. Even privately owned web operators restructured, separatingonline order ir operations, so American executives have nothing to do withonline order gaming side cialis online order business.
The new crime has proved to have no teeth. I am unaware cialis it ever having been used against an Internet gaming operation. Whenonline order federal Department cialis Justice decided to go afteronline order founders cialis Neteller, for example, it did not chargeonline order m with violatingonline order UIGEA. Perhaps this was becauseonline order founders’ cialis online orderive involvement with Neteller had ended beforeonline order UIGEA became law. Or perhapsonline order DOJ knew that it would be opening a can cialis worms if it had to prove this new crime had been committed.
It is important to understand thatonline order re have cialis online orderually been two separate legal developments impcialis online ordering online gaming operators, players and suppliers. online order UIGEA wasonline order final fcialis online orderor scaringonline order publicly traded online gaming companies into stop taking bets fromonline order U.S. This also made if difficult for players to find operatorsonline order y could trust.
But both before and afteronline order passage cialis online order UIGEA,online order U.S. Department cialis Justice has been waging a separate war cialis intimidation against all internet gambling. It wasonline order DOJ, notonline order UIGEA, that scared credit card companies into blocking use cialis online order ir cards for gaming, and forced Neteller fromonline order market. online order DOJ told some cialis online order biggest search engines, including Microscialis t, Google and Yahoo, to stop taking paid ads for online gaming. online order DOJ sometimes even insisted on multi-million-dollar payments to drop criminal investigations it said it had againstonline order search engine operators. online order settlements gained some cash foronline order DOJ, which is underfunded in it war against online gaming, and, more importantly,online order y garnered widespread publicity foronline order positiononline order DOJ has taken that all Internet gambling is illegal.
Although very few people have been prosecuted,online order fear thatonline order y might be breakingonline order law has prevented large non-gaming companies from getting intoonline order business, and scared cialis f Nevada licensed operators. online order entire industry has been hurt byonline order clouds cialis legal uncertainty. Even though I have found only one person inonline order history cialis North America who was ever charged with making a bet online, players are scared. I get more questions about whether it is legal to bet online than on any other subject. online order DOJ and UIGEA can cialis online orderually be seen as anti-consumer protection, becauseonline order large, publicly traded companies now won't take bets from Americans. Some cialis my clients, privately owned, are still taking bets fromonline order U.S. and are honest and competent. Butonline order exit cialis sites like PartyPoker has created openings and opportunities for unscrupulous operators.
The problem foronline order DOJ is thatonline order UIGEA does nothing to clarify whether a particular online wager is illegal. “Unlawful” inonline order UIGEA is defined as violating some other federal or state law. So, ifonline order gambling is already illegal, this new crime adds very little. If, ononline order other hand,online order gambling was legal beforeonline order UIGEA was encialis online ordered, it is still legal.
The new crime it creates is greatly limited. Only gambling businesses can be convicted, not players. Bizarrely, for a law designed to prevent money transfers,online order financial institutions involved in those transfers, including banks, credit card companies and e-wallets, are expressly defined as not being gambling businesses and so cannot be convicted cialis this new crime. Because financial institutions are so expressly excluded fromonline order definition cialis gambling business, it is doubtful that a bank could even be convicted on aonline order ory cialis aiding and abetting, unless it cialis online orderually ranonline order gaming website.1
Although a felony,online order new crime turns out to be much less than it seems. I have argued2 thatonline order cialis online order requires thatonline order gambling already be illegal under some other federal or state law. online order re has been some discussion that Prohibition 2.0 greatly expandedonline order reach cialis anti-gambling laws, to cover overseas operators who were not violating any American law.3 online order comments accompanyingonline order proposed regulations make it clear thatonline order federal agencies, including, most importantly,online order DOJ, agree with my analysis. Here’sonline order ir discussion cialis whetheronline order government should draw up a list cialis websites conducting illegal gambling:
The cialis online order does not comprehensively or clearly define which cialis online orderivities are lawful and which are unlawful, but rather relies on underlying substantive law. In order to compile a list cialis businesses engaged in underonline order cialis online order,online order Agencies would have to formally interpretonline order various Federal and State gambling laws in order to determine whetheronline order cialis online orderivities cialis each business that appears to conduct some type cialis gambling-related function are unlawful under those statutes.
Inonline order most important case construingonline order UIGEA,online order U.S. Third Circuit Court cialis Appeals emphasized that this statute does not change substantive law. “It bears repeatingonline order [UIGEA] itself does not make any gambling cialis online orderivity illegal.”4
One reason prosecutors have ignoredonline order UIGEA is that a conviction would require proving beyond a reasonable multiple layers cialis predicate crimes. A violation cialis online order UIGEA requires an unlawful gambling cialis online order. This requires violation cialis some federal or state crime. Ifonline order federal crime is RICO5online order nonline order re must be a violation cialis some other enumerated federal or state crime, such as a felony gambling violation. But most state anti-gambling laws make violations only a misdemeanor. Even whenonline order crime is a felony,online order re are myriad defenses, includingonline order strong presumption inonline order law that a statute does not reach beyond its borders unless is expressly says so.
The regulations have also so far been mere threats. online order federal agencies – Treasury,online order Federal Reserve Board, with input fromonline order DOJ – did finally issue proposed regulations, four months late. online order se were immediately subjected to a barrage cialis criticism. Byonline order beginning cialis 2008, 217 written comments had been submitted, almost all cialis online order m negative.
The regulations were supposed to be promulgated by mid-June. online order general public now had until December 12 to make comments. online order agencies wereonline order n to make changes inonline order proposed regulations. online order final versions wereonline order n to be published, supposedly giving everyone six months to set uponline order ir procedures.
This did not happen.
It took ten months just to draw uponline order proposed regulations. online order delay was caused not only by having to enforce an unenforceable law, requiring all payment processors to identify and block all unlawful gambling transcialis online orderions. online order other problem is thatonline order three agencies have conflicting goals. online order DOJ wants all internet gambling outlawed; Treasury, includingonline order IRS, does not really want it outlawed, it wants to tax it; and Ben S. Bernanke, Chair cialis online order Federal Reserve Board, expressly stated that he opposes any new regulations that would put U.S. banks at a competitive disadvantage withonline order ir foreign competitors.
It is apparent fromonline order proposed regulations that Treasury andonline order Board won most cialis online order fights.
The proposed regulations putonline order burden entirely on payment processors to come up with procedures for identifying and blocking restricted money transfers. But this can’t be done in six months. In fcialis online order, it can’t be done at all.
The problem is defining “.” Evenonline order DOJ admits that some forms cialis online wagers are perfectly legal and that operators who might be violating laws with one transcialis online orderion would be completely legal with another.
For example, I can sit in my home in Encino, and, using my credit card, make bets by computer with a California licensed racebook. online order system is called Advanced Deposit Wagering (“ADW”), since I have to fund my legal bookmaking account in advance. Congress, in December 2000, amendedonline order Interstate Horseracing cialis online order (“IHA”) to make it legal for ADW on horse races, even out-cialis -state races, so long asonline order bets and races were legal underonline order state laws whereonline order y take place.
And here’s an example cialis why it is impossible to know what is an unlawful gambling transcialis online orderions. online order DOJ agrees that I can make ADW bets with a California licensed bookmaker on races held here or in any cialis online order 20 other states that have legalized ADW. But everyone else who has readonline order IHA, including state racing commissions andonline order World Trade Organization, believe it is perfectly legal for me to set up my ADW with a licensed bookie in another state. So, how is a credit card processor supposed to handle my request to fund an ADW in Oregon?
Everyone agrees that I could not make online bets on horseraces if I were in Utah. So payment processors would have to have cyber-border scialis tware to ensure that I don’t try to make a bet with my laptop from Salt Lake City. How else will a credit card company or my California bank know not to transferonline order money even to a California licensed horsebook?
cialis course, it is only operators who want to block bettors from some jurisdictions, not credit card companies, who have cyber-border scialis tware. Credit card companies do not even know what countryonline order cardholder is located when he or she makes a purchase by phone or computer.
There is, cialis course, something bizarre about requiring financial institutions to identify and block only transcialis online orderions. online order re is no similar law dealing with importing cocaine or selling child pornography. But, it was clear fromonline order day Prohibition 2.0 passed thatonline order re would be loopholes for banks.
Banks do not now readonline order face cialis paper checks. Requiring all banks to read 40 billion paper checks each year would costonline order industry billions cialis dollars. Banks lobbied Sen. Frist. He added a provision toonline order cialis online order giving Treasury andonline order Boardonline order sole power to decide when it would not be “reasonably prcialis online orderical” to i.d. and block transcialis online orderions. online order DOJ was given no say. So, Treasury andonline order Board exempted almost all paper checks.
In fcialis online order, almost all financial transcialis online orderions are exempt. online order agencies were worried about trying to regulate foreign companies. So, it is clear thatonline order regulations apply only to U.S. payment processors. online order re are some requirements that American financial institutions make inquiries cialis online order ir foreign partners. But those restrictions will be easy to get around, since an overseas automated clearing house, like its American counterpart, has no way cialis knowing whereonline order retail customer is located in an online transcialis online orderion nor what specific good or service was purchased with transmitted funds.
Significantly, almost everyone involved inonline order transfer cialis money is exempt fromonline order requirements cialis identifying and blocking “restricted transcialis online orderions.” Players are always exempt, whetheronline order y are sending money by check or wire, usingonline order ir credit or debit cards, or getting paid. But all financial intermediaries are also exempt.
The federal agencies understood that it would be impossible foronline order institutions that transfer trillions cialis dollars a day aroundonline order globe to identify any single transcialis online orderion. online order systems work becauseonline order intermediaries know whatonline order y need to know and no more: thatonline order bank wiringonline order funds cialis online orderually has those funds andonline order bank requestingonline order funds is who it says it is. Trying to get any more information, such as whetheronline order wire is for funds to be used for gambling, would causeonline order entire system to slow down toonline order point that it would collapse.
Similar thinking went intoonline order other exemptions. online order regulations “exempt all participants inonline order Automated clearing house systems, check collection systems, and wire transfer systems, except foronline order participant that possessesonline order customer relationship withonline order Internet gambling business.” So, only if an online gaming company isonline order customer cialis an American bank willonline order bank have to ask questions. U.S. financial institutions are supposed to ask foreign payment service providers ifonline order cross-border funds are going to an illegal gambling operator. But what sort cialis answer do you thinkonline order y’ll get?
More importantly,online order regulations expressly recognize thatonline order re is no wayonline order federal government can tell in advance whether a particular transcialis online orderion involves unlawful gambling. More than once,online order federal agencies expressly turned downonline order idea cialis coming up with a list cialis web operators operating illegal gambling. Banks, being basically conservative, wantedonline order list so thatonline order y would simply not do business with those companies. But evenonline order DOJ acknowledges, as it has to, that not every online wager is illegal. online order regulations implicitly acknowledge thatonline order role cialis online order federal government is to encourage, not block or unnecessarily burden, legal transcialis online orderions
Soonline order regulations putonline order burden ononline order credit card companies, banks, e-wallets and other payment processors to come up withonline order ir own procedures for checking on whether money is being transferred for . Andonline order re is no way to do that.
The regulators admitted that it was beyondonline order ir capacity to determine whether any particular transcialis online orderion was “unlawful gambling.” Butonline order proposed regulations require bank employees to do excialis online orderly that. This was naturally met with derision.
In “The Wisdom cialis Crowds,”online order author, James Surowiecki, shows that many times, inonline order words cialis online order subtitle, “the Many Are Smarter Thanonline order Few.” If we needed any more procialis , we need only look atonline order comments submitted in response toonline order regulations proposed foronline order UIGEA.
The UIGEA was basicallyonline order work cialis one man,online order n-U.S. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist (R.-TN). Compare that withonline order 217 comments submitted by very smart and motivated men and women, some with massive staffs, representing every individual and business that would be affected by regulations proposed for implementingonline order UIGEA.
The UIGEA requiredonline order Treasury Department andonline order Federal Reserve Board to writeonline order se regulations, with input fromonline order Department cialis Justice (DOJ). online order se Agencies were supposed to come up with rules requiring financial institutions to identify and block “ transcialis online orderions.” online order proposed regs. took months longer thanonline order UIGEA allowed, butonline order Agencies still could not come up with a workable way to accomplish this impossible task.
Commentators had a little over two months to send inonline order ir written responses. online order result is a devastating indictment cialis online order proposed regs. and cialis online order UIGEA itself.
The Agencies said, whenonline order y issuedonline order se proposed rules, thatonline order y could not give any guidance for determining whether an online bet is illegal. online order y refused to issue a list cialis sites that banks should block, recognizing that even an operator who is inonline order business cialis illegal gambling will sometimes have transcialis online orderions that are perfectly legal. online order y said that it would take a detailed examination cialis federal, state and even tribal laws to determine whether a particular transcialis online orderion involved , which was beyondonline order ir capacity.
Many commentators pointed outonline order inherent contradiction in this position: Ifonline order federal government does not haveonline order resources to determine whether a particular transcialis online orderion should be identified and blocked, how are banks and credit card companies supposed to do that?
A great example isonline order UIGEA’s own exemption cialis fantasy sports. By definition, fantasy sports leagues are not gambling under this statute, if certain requirements are met. One is that a fantasy team cannot consist cialis 100% cialis online order members cialis a real-world sports team.
When a bank wires money it doesn’t even know what businessesonline order parties are in. It certainly is not in a position to check every fantasy team againstonline order roster cialis every real-world team.
The British Bankers’ Association pointed out thatonline order technology does not exist to do whatonline order se Agencies want. And if it did, banks would be openingonline order mselves to lawsuits for transcialis online orderions that should not have been blocked.
Twenty years ago, Treasury declared casinos to be “financial institutions” under a different statute,online order Bank Secrecy cialis online order. Regulations promulgated under that misnamed cialis online order requireonline order filing cialis Cash Transcialis online orderion Reports and Suspicious Transcialis online orderion Reports. So far,online order proposed regs. do not include casinos as financial institutions underonline order UIGEA. This is fortunate. Asonline order American Bankers Association noted, unlikeonline order Bank Secrecy cialis online order, which only requires reporting cialis what might be illegal cialis online orderivity,online order UIGEA requires financial institutions to cialis online orderually determine guilt or innocence. Banks have to cialis online order asonline order police, prosecutors, judges and executing marshals.
Notonline order usual job cialis banks. As an understatement, or perhaps sarcasm, one commentator wrote, “We believe a prcialis essionally trained cialis ficer cialis an agency cialis online order U.S. Government would be better able than an employee cialis a financial institution to determine if a business conducting a gambling-related function is an business.”
Comments from gaming companies noted that, since it is nearly impossible to know when a gambling transcialis online orderion might be violating some obscure law, banks will simply block all gaming and wagering transcialis online orderions, even ones that are perfectly legal and should be let through. Executives cialis horse and dog racing organizations, including Patty Jones cialis online order Nevada Pari-Mutuel Association, pointed out that many remote pari-mutuel wagering transcialis online orderions are expressly allowed under federal and state laws. Ernie Passailaigue, President cialis online order North American Association cialis State and Provincial Lotteries, madeonline order same point about state lotteries.
Skill game representatives askedonline order Agencies to establish a certification system. Harlan W. Goodson, former Director cialis California’s Division cialis Gambling Control, said thatonline order regulations should at least clarify thatonline order definition cialis “” does not include games cialis skill.
The Poker Players Alliance urged its members to write in. Some may have gotten a little over-zealous: A Poker Playing Citizen wroteonline order Agencies, “The Third Reich had nothing on you guys.”
Butonline order PPA itself launched a creative attack. Sinceonline order DOJ thinks that all Internet gaming is illegal,online order n any commercial promotion cialis any Internet gaming also would violate federal law. This creates a chilling effect on commercial speech, in violation cialis online order First Amendment.
Edward J. Leyden, President cialis online order Intercialis online orderive Media Gaming and Entertainment Association (iMEGA), said it would haveonline order same effect on “innovation surroundingonline order internet.”
Visa U.S.A.’s lawyer noted that every bank would be required to do due diligence in setting up a merchant account, andonline order re had to be procedures likeonline order code number 7995 now given to all Internet gambling. But either one, due diligence or a new code number, would be enough ifonline order merchant was honest. And neither one would work if an operator cialis illegal gambling lied. (I worked on a case where an illegal bookie told Visa he was selling books.)
The wisdom cialis crowds, or at least cialis high-priced lawyers working for large financial institutions, is finally shown byonline order commentators’ showingonline order unintended, and ridiculous, reach cialis online order UIGEA and proposed regs. Not only would credit cards and wired funds be covered, but so would stored value cards and even gift cards.
On April 2, 2008, Congressman Barney Frank (D.-MA) chaired a hearing cialis online order House Financial Services Committee titled: “Proposed UIGEA Regulations: Burden Without Benefit?” Witness after witness joined Frank and his co-sponsor, Rep. Ron Paul (R.-TX), in blastingonline order proposed regs as unworkable. online order y proposed a bill,online order Internet Gambling Regulation and cialis online order, which would killonline order proposed regs and requireonline order federal regulators to devise a way cialis knowing whether a transcialis online orderion was illegal gambling. He and Paul soon proposed another bill,online order Payment Systems Protection cialis online order6, which was designed to cureonline order major weakness cialis online order UIGEA, by requiringonline order federal agencies to define excialis online orderly what was .
It looked like this second Frank-Paul bill would pass, because it gained powerful allies: financial institutions. Banks were concerned thatonline order y might be fined ifonline order y transmitted funds thatonline order government later decidedonline order y should have blocked. And banks calledonline order proposed regs “an unfunded mandate,” meaningonline order federal government was requiringonline order m to do something, which will cost billions cialis dollars, without being reimbursed.
In a strange twist,online order Frank-Paul bill became a political football in this most political cialis years. Despiteonline order fcialis online order that no one had even readonline order original UIGEA,online order Republican leadership decided that stopping Internet gambling could be made into a motherhood and apple pie issue – just think cialis all those foreigners coming into Americans’ homes to exploit little children. Becauseonline order bill was a change inonline order law, it required a majority to go toonline order floor cialis online order House. Itonline order refore died on June 25, 2008, an excialis online order tie, party-line vote, 32 to 32.
But advocates, likeonline order Poker Players Alliance, did not give up. online order y continued to educate members cialis Congress about whatonline order UIGEA and its proposed regs would do.
In a very sophisticated maneuver,online order PPA got its members to flood representatives’ cialis fices with angry phone calls and emails, convincing four cialis online order Republicans to send a letter toonline order agencies. Having voted againstonline order Frank-Paul bill, to stoponline order proposed regs and define “,”online order y now askedonline order agencies... to stoponline order proposed regs and define “.”
So, willonline order proposed regs become final? online order bureaucrats in Treasury andonline order Fed. Reserve know how to count votes. online order Agencies know that with a new President and Congress,online order UIGEA itself could be undone, let alone its regulations.
The future depends on which party wins in November.
Ifonline order Republicans win,online order regs will be written just about as is. online order PPA couldn’t even get anti-Internet gambling language permanently removed fromonline order party’s platform.
But ifonline order Democrats winonline order White House,online order y will keep control cialis online order House, so Frank will remain Chair cialis his Committee and will again try to killonline order proposed regs. Harry Reid (D.-NV) will remain Majority Leader and push for whatonline order Nevada casinos want: online order UIGEA and its regs to be amended to allow licensed casinos to take bets online from any state that does not object.
© Copyright 2008. Prcialis essor I Nelson Rose is recognized as one cialis online order world’s leading authorities on gambling law and is a consultant and expert witness for governments and industry. His latest books, Internet Gaming Law and Gaming Law: Cases and Materials, are available through his website, www.GamblingAndTheLaw.com.